SUMMARY OF SEASONAL FORECAST DATA FOR UK AND EIRE

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Experimental Seasonal Forecast for UK and Eire area - updated as new data becomes available. Previous summary - November 2019 data

Summary of experimental Seasonal Forecasts for the UK and Eire



Updated 271219(ddmmyy). Typically updated on Thursday/Friday. Main updates may be noted on Twitter @T2mike

This month and next latest
Seasonal text latest



Data awaited from GLOBAL PRODUCING CENTRES

COMPLETE
KMA and South Africa Weather Service (SAWS) LRF included in WMP graphics if available.
Graphics via WMO: Pretoria, Toulouse, , Beijing.


Some data will appear from multiple sources e.g. Source country and also ensemble grouping (NMME, WMO or Copernicus). Data sources available on date: USA - NCEP CFS2 (011219 081219 151219 251219 ) Temperature graphics (081219) E3 graphics (081219), Russia 011219, CanSips 301119, USA NASA GMAO GSFC 051219, US National Multi-Model Ensemble (NMME) 081219, NMME and CFS2 graphics 081219, Brazil predicted sea temps (KUO and RAS) 101219, ECMWF monthly graphics 101219, UKMO seasonal 111219, CopernicusEU MME (UKMO MereoFr ECMWF DWD CMCC NCEP) 131219, BCC China 151219, JAMSTEC 151219, USA - IRI 161219, Japan JMA 171219, UKMO Contingency 271219, Korea APCC 271219.

Graphics via WMO: DWD, CMC, BoM, Moscow, Seoul 101219: CPTEC, Washington 131219: UKMO 171219: ECMWF, Tokyo, WMO multi ensemble 271219

International IMME no longer available from NCEP - see WMO graphics and Copernicus
BCC China web site issues
Data received after summary written.



Nino 3.4 (plots as available): CFS2 updated daily. NMME Nino 3.4. UKMO Tropical N Atlantic plot and NAO. Click image for details.
ENSO CFS latest ENSO NNME latest UKMO Tropical N Atlantic




CFS2 temperature plots for 40+ weeks (in 6 hour steps) from 00Z on date shown
Perth Birmingham
Exeter London



SEASONAL FORECAST summary of output for UK and EIRE
(Data date shown as ddmmyy).


To view an attempt at regional detail for SW England click here by about the 20th of each month



2020 JAN FEB MAR

Summary - 181219 - Main signal for the season is for above normal temperatures or at worst normal values, the latter perhaps more likely across Eire and the west of UK. Rainfall is expected to be above normal especially across the north and west but parts of the SE and E of England and NE Scotland could be nearer normal. Less marked indication for above normal in March. Windier than normal typical of westerly types with lower pressure across the north and normal or higher values near or to the south of England.



NCEP Mean of 40 runs over preceding 10 days. 100KM resolution output. Anomalies wrt 1999-2010 hindcast climatology. (Normal is +/-0.5C from model hindcast mean).

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 251219
TEMP: Season: above normal, well above in S
JAN above normal, well above in SE FEB above normal, well above in south MAR above normal, well above in SE
PPN: Season: above normal, well above in W
JAN above normal FEB NE Scotland normal elsewhere above normal MAR E Scotland and E England normal elsewhere above normal

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 151219
TEMP: Season: Eire, N Ireland and N Scotland normal elsewhere above normal
JAN Eire, N Ireland and SW England normal elsewhere above normal FEB Eire, N Ireland and N Scotland normal elsewhere above normal MAR Eire, N Ireland and Scotland normal elsewhere above normal
PPN: Season: Normal but above in S Eire W Scotland Wales and all S England
JAN normal locally below in E Scotland and N Ireland FEB NE Scotland normal elsewhere above MAR NE Scotland normal elsewhere above

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 081219
TEMP: Season: above normal
JAN above normal, well above in south FEB above normal, well above in south MAR Eire N Ireland and Scotland normal elsdewhere above
PPN: Season: NE Scotland normal elsewhere above normal
JAN NE Scotland normal elsewhere above normal, well above in SW England FEB E Scotland and E England normal elsewhere above MAR E Scotland and E England normal elsewhere above A

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 011219
TEMP: Season: Wales and S half England above normal elsewhere normal
JAN above normal FEB normal MAR normal
PPN: Season: above normal
JAN above normal FEB normal but above in W Scotland and below in SE Eire MAR above normal




UKMO contingency - 271219
TEMP:
Jan: Above normal most likely. Median forecast Temperature shifted over 1 deg above average (1981-2010). Only about 15% of solutions are below average.
JFM Season: Above normal most likely. Median forecast Temperature shifted nearly 2 degrees above average (1981-2010). Only about 5% of solutions are below average.

PPN:
Jan: Above average most likely. Distribution shifted towards wetter solutions, about 35% of model rusn suggest drier than average
JFM Season: Above average most likely. Distribution shifted towards wetter solutions, about 28% of model rusn suggest drier than average. Three clusters, main one above average, another well above average and a minor cluster at below average.




Korea APCC - 271219
Temp: Season Above normal
JAN no signal FEB Scotland above elsewhere no signal MAR above normal
PPN : Season no signal
JAN no signal FEB no signal MAR no signal



Japan JMA - 171219 -
(June 2015 - 51 member ensemble accumulated (13+13+13+12) over 15 days run 5 days apart at 110km resolution)
Temp: Season above normal
JAN above normal FEB above normal MAR above normal
PPN : Season above normal but locally below in NE Scotland
JAN SW England above elsewhere below FEB above normal MAR below normal
PMSL: Season above normal but below in far N Scotland (Strong WSW)
JAN N below elsewhere above (Strong WSW) FEB N below S above (Strong WSW) MAR above normal (Slack in S H but WSW in N)



USA - IRI - 161219 -forecasts tends to be overly warm
Temp: no signal
PPN : W Scotland, W Eire, SW England above normal elsewhere no signal



BCC China BCC CSM1.1m Second generation coupled model. 24 memebers. Atmospheric component is BCC_AGCM2.2 at T106 horizontal resolution (about 1 degree) and 26 vertical layer.
BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP: Season: near or above normal
JAN above normal FEB above normal MAR above normal but S of UK and S of Eire near normal
PPN: Season: below normal
JAN below normal FEB N above elsewhere below MAR below normal



Copernicus C3S - new climate sizes and additional models November 2018
From November 2018, hindcast period 1993-2016. (Previously hindcast period is 1993-2015 for ECMWF and Met Office and 1993-2014 for Meteo-France).
Mean anomaly near normal (+/-0.2C). Tercile signal used in table belowe. (UT/MT/LT= upper/middle/lower tercile).
Copernicus(EU) C3S multi model ensemble - 131219
TEMP: above normal (locally normal in W of Eire)
PPN: above normal but E of UK normal
PMSL: Below normal in N
CMCC(IT) 50 members 960 climate size -
TEMP: normal locally above in far N
PPN: normal but Wales and SW above
PMSL: Below normal in N and W
DWD(DE) 50 members 720 climate size -
TEMP: Scotland and N and NE England above elsewhere normal
PPN: near normal locally below in NW Eire
PMSL: above normal south of about 56 deg N. Below normal in far N.
ECMWF(EU) 51 members 600 climate size -
TEMP: S Eire S Wales and S/SW England normal elsewhere above
PPN: Above normal but in E of UK normal
PMSL: Below normal especially N England and Scotland
UKMO(GB) 50 members 672 climate size -
TEMP: normal locally above in N Scoptland and SE England
PPN: Above normal but in E of UK normal
PMSL: N and NW above elsewhere normal but hint of below in E Midlands
METEO FRANCE(FR) 51 members 600 climate size -
TEMP: above normal
PPN: S mainly above elsewhere near normal
PMSL: near normal
NCEP 52 members 384 climate size (added OCT 2019)
TEMP: above normal or well above
PPN: above or well above normal
PMSL: Below normal but above south of about 48 deg N




UKMO (Glosea5 0.8*0.5 deg [50km] resolution 2 runs daily accumulated ensemble over 3 weeks [42 members] 85 levels 75 ocean levels), hindcast covers the period 1993 - 2016.
UKMO - 111219
TEMP: Above normal most likely. Chance of normal 25-40%. Chance of well below normal less than 25% and in N Ireland, N England and Scotland less than 5%
PPN : NW UK most likely above normal. Chance of normal or below normal in all areas 25-40% range BUT S Eire and SW England more likely to be normal 40-60% prob.
PSML: Chance of above normal in S and below normal in N - windier than average?



Brazil predicted sea temps (KUO) - two outputs schemes - 101219
Temp: normal
PPN : normal
PMSL: below normal
Brazil persisted sea temps (RAS)
Temp: normal
PPN : normal



USA NASA GMAO GSFC 051219
TEMP:
JAN above normal FEB above normal MAR above normal
PPN :
JAN above normal FEB above normal MAR Scotland above normal elsewhere normal



Meteorological Service of Canada, CanSIPS forecasts are based on a 10-member ensemble of forecasts produced with each of two CCCma climate models for a total ensemble size of 20. Hindcast period 1981 to 2010. CanSips is included in the NMME.
CanSIPS - 301119
TEMP:
JAN above normal FEB above normal MAR above normal
PPN :
JAN mostly above normal FEB normal MAR above normal



Russia 011219
Temp: normal or below
PPN : mostly below normal



Indication from Multi Model Ensemble (NMME) ex NOAA date - 081219
TEMP: SEASON: above normal
JAN above normal FEB above normal MAR above normal
PPN: SEASON: S and E England normnal elsewhere above
JAN above normal FEB N and W above normal lower probs elsewhere mostly near normal MAR W Eire and N Scotland above chance of below in SW England elsewhere normal



CFS2 E3 ensemble of 10 days of model runs updated on date shown.
TN2 TN3 TN7

TN5 TN6 TN8

NASA anomaly .
200

ECMWF monthly
200

EU area Plotted from 1 deg grib NMME ENS Temp and PPN rate mean anomaly
T T T

P P P

200hPa height anomaly CFS2 with mean CFS2 200hPa data 1 deg grib

200

WMO December 2019 data
BOM monthly
200

Canada monthly
200

Moscow monthly
200

DWD monthly
200

SEOUL monthly
200

CPTEC Brazil monthly
200

Washington monthly
200

UKMO monthly
200

ECMWF monthly low resolution model probability of anomaly from WMO
200

Tokyo monthly
200

Toulouse monthly
200

Pretoria monthly
200


WMO combined multi model monthly - model probability OR anomaly.
Probability combined Updated with all models exceopt Beijing. 271219.
200




2020 FEB MAR APR



USA - NCEP CFS2 - 251219
TEMP: Season: above normal
FEB above normal, well above in south MAR above normal, well above in SE APR above normal
PPN: Season: above normal but NE Scotland and SE England normal
FEB NE Scotland normal elsewhere above normal MAR E Scotland and E England normal elsewhere above normal APR S and E Eire above normal elsewhere normal

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 151219
TEMP:
FEB Eire, N Ireland and N Scotland normal elsewhere above normal MAR Eire, N Ireland and Scotland normal elsewhere above normal APR normal but SE England above normal
PPN:
FEB NE Scotland normal elsewhere above MAR NE Scotland normal elsewhere above APR above normal

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 081219
TEMP:
FEB above normal, well above in south MAR Eire N Ireland and Scotland normal elsdewhere above APR above normal
PPN:
FEB E Scotland and E England normal elsewhere above MAR E Scotland and E England normal elsewhere above APR normal but SW Eire above

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 011219
TEMP:
FEB normal MAR normal APR normal but above normal in Scotland, Midlands and SE England
PPN:
FEB normal but above in W Scotland and below in SE Eire MAR above normal APR normal but below in NW England Wales and SW England



BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP:
FEB above normal MAR above normal but S of UK and S of Eire near normal APR above normal but S near normal or just below
PPN:
FEB N above elsewhere below MAR below normal APR below normal



USA NASA GMAO GSFC 051219
TEMP:
FEB above normal MAR above normal APR above normal
PPN :
FEB above normal MAR Scotland above normal elsewhere normal APR Midlands and E England normal elsewhere below normal



CanSIPS - 301119
TEMP:
FEB above normal MAR above normal APR above normal
PPN :
FEB normal MAR above normal APR N Scotland above normal elsewhere normal




2020 MAR APR MAY

Summary - 181219 - Milder than average although May closer to normal (which could imply below average in parts of S and E. Rainfall above normal in N and W but south and east normal and perhaps below normal in April and May.


USA - NCEP CFS2 - 251219
TEMP: Season: above normal
MAR above normal, well above in SE APR above normal MAY N Irerland, Eire Wales and Midlands near normal elsewhere above normal
PPN: Season: normal but above in Eire and W Scotland
MAR E Scotland and E England normal elsewhere above normal APR S and E Eire above normal elsewhere normal MAY normal

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 151219
TEMP: Season: normal but above normal in S third of England
MAR Eire, N Ireland and Scotland normal elsewhere above normal APR normal but SE England above normal MAY normal but SE England above normal
PPN: Season: NE Scotland normal elsewhere above
MAR NE Scotland normal elsewhere above APR above normal MAY N Scotland and Wales normal elsewhere above

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 081219
TEMP: Season: above normal but normal in S and W Eire
MAR Eire N Ireland and Scotland normal elsdewhere above APR above normal MAY Eire and N Ireland normal elsewhere above normal
PPN: Season: above normal in Eire, N Ireland W Scotland Wales and SW England elsewhere normal
MAR E Scotland and E England normal elsewhere above APR normal but SW Eire above MAY normal but above in Eire, Wales, W and S of England

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 011219
TEMP: Season: normal locally above in SE England
MAR normal APR normal but above normal in Scotland, Midlands and SE England MAY normal but above in N Scotland Midlands, S and SE England
PPN: Season: normal locally above in SW Eire, W Midlands and W coast Scotland
MAR above normal APR normal but below in NW England Wales and SW England MAY Above in SW Eire, Wales, S Scotland and most of England except SW, otherwise normal




Korea APCC - 271219
Temp:
MAR above normal APR above normal MAY above normal
PPN :
MAR no signal APR no signal but NW Eire and N Ireland below normal MAY no signal



USA - IRI - 161219 -forecasts tends to be overly warm
Temp: Scotland abopve normal elsewhere no signal
PPN : E England below normal elsewhere no signal



JAMSTEC SINTEX-F1 CGCM forecast (27-member ensemble) - 151219
Temp: Season: Eire and N Ireland below elsewhere near or above normal
PPN : Season: SW UK, Eire and N Ireland above, NW Scotland below elsewhere normal



BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP: Season: near or above normal
MAR above normal but S of UK and S of Eire near normal APR above normal but S near normal or just below MAY N above S below
PPN: Season: below normal
MAR below normal APR below normal MAY N below S above J



Copernicus(EU) C3S multi model ensemble - 131219
TEMP: above normal
PPN: W Scotland, N Ireland and most of Eire above elsewhere normal
PMSL: N below
CMCC(IT) 50 members 960 climate size -
TEMP: normal locally above in NE England/SE Scotland
PPN: N and W Scotland, N Ireland and most of Eire above elsewhere normal
PMSL: far N below
DWD(DE) 50 members 720 climate size -
TEMP: above normal
PPN: above normal
PMSL: mostly below normal
ECMWF(EU) 51 members 600 climate size -
TEMP: Eire and N Ireland normal elsewhere above normal
PPN: N of 55N above normal elsewhere normal
PMSL: N and W below normal
UKMO(GB) 50 members 672 climate size -
TEMP: above normal
PPN: normal
PMSL: normal but Eire and N Ireland above normal
METEO FRANCE(FR) 51 members 600 climate size -
TEMP: above normal
PPN: normal
PMSL: normal
NCEP 52 members 384 climate size (added OCT 2019)
TEMP: above normal
PPN: above normal
PMSL: below normal




UKMO - 111219
TEMP: Above normal most likely. Chance of normal 25-40%. Chance of well below normal mostly less than 5%
PPN : Near normal most likely, chance of above normal in NW Uk.
PSML: Chance of above normal in S half of UK, elsewhere similar probs for above/normal/below.



USA NASA GMAO GSFC 051219
TEMP:
MAR above normal APR above normal MAY W above normal E normal
PPN :
MAR Scotland above normal elsewhere normal APR Midlands and E England normal elsewhere below normal MAY normal but Scotland below normal



CanSIPS - 301119
TEMP:
MAR above normal APR above normal MAY above normal
PPN :
MAR above normal APR N Scotland above normal elsewhere normal MAY normal but S below normal J


Indication from Multi Model Ensemble (NMME) ex NOAA date - 081219
TEMP: SEASON: above normal
MAR above normal APR above normal MAY above normal
PPN: SEASON: mostly above normal near normal in East UK.
MAR W Eire and N Scotland above chance of below in SW England elsewhere normal APR normal MAY normal locally above mainly in S half of area



CFS2 E3 ensemble of 10 days of model runs updated on date shown.
TN2 TN3 TN7

TN5 TN6 TN6

NASA anomaly
200

EU area Plotted from 1 deg grib NMME ENS Temp and PPN rate mean anomaly
T T T

P P P

200hPa height anomaly and mean CFS2+NCAR 200hPa data 1 deg grib

200

ECMWF monthly
200



2020 APR MAY JUN




USA - NCEP CFS2 - 251219
TEMP: Season: normal but above in N half of Scotland also all S of England.
APR above normal MAY N Irerland, Eire Wales and Midlands near normal elsewhere above normal JUN near normal
PPN: Season: normal locally below in Midlands
APR S and E Eire above normal elsewhere normal MAY normal JUN normal except NW Scotland above normal and S half of England also Wales below normal

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 151219
TEMP:
APR normal but SE England above normal MAY normal but SE England above normal JUN mostly above normal but SW Eire and NE England normal
PPN:
APR above normal MAY N Scotland and Wales normal elsewhere above JUN normal but below normal in N Wales

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 081219
TEMP: Season: mostly above normal locally normal in W Eire
PPN: Season: Eire, Wales, S and W England above normal elsewhere normal

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 011219
TEMP: Season: normal locally above in S and SE England
PPN: Season: normal



BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP:
APR above normal but S near normal or just below MAY N above S below JUN above normal
PPN:
APR below normal MAY N below S above JUN Eire above elsewhere below



USA NASA GMAO GSFC 051219
TEMP:
APR above normal MAY W above normal E normal JUN above normal
PPN :
APR Midlands and E England normal elsewhere below normal MAY normal but Scotland below normal JUN S normal elsewhere above



CanSIPS - 301119
TEMP:
APR above normal MAY above normal JUN above normal
PPN :
APR N Scotland above normal elsewhere normal MAY normal but S below normal JUN normal




2020 MAY JUN JUL



USA - NCEP CFS2 - 251219
TEMP: Season: normal locally above in NE Scotland and S coast of England
PPN: Season: normal but above in W Scotland

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 151219
TEMP: Season: Normal but above normal in SE England and most of Scotland except the S.
PPN: Season: Above normal but normal in N Scotland Wales E England and E Eire

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 081219
TEMP: Season: mostly normal locally above normal in SE England and N Scotland
PPN: Season: N Ireland and N half of Scotland normal elsewhere above normal

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 011219
TEMP: Season: normal locally above in SE England
PPN: Season: normal locally above in SW Scotland NW England and SW Eire



BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP:
MAY N above S below JUN above normal JUL near normal, but W may be below and E may be above
PPN:
MAY N below S above JUN Eire above elsewhere below JUL above normal



USA NASA GMAO GSFC 051219
TEMP:
MAY W above normal E normal JUN above normal JUL above normal
PPN :
MAY normal but Scotland below normal JUN S normal elsewhere above JUL above normal



CanSIPS - 301119
TEMP:
MAY above normal JUN above normal JUL above normal but Eire Wales and S two thirds of England normal
PPN :
MAY normal but S below normal JUN normal JUL above normal but far S also far N normal




2020 JUN JUL AUG

Summary - 181219 - Slightly above nornal temperatures but possibly nearer normal in August. Rainfall mostly above normal but chance of normal in south.




USA - NCEP CFS2 - 251219
TEMP: Season: normal
PPN: Season: normal locally above in NW Eire

USA - NCEP CFS2 - 151219
TEMP: Season: Normal but above normal N half of Scotland.
PPN: Season: Normal but above in SW Eire, Midlands and S of England



BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP: Season: Eire below elsewhere slightl above
JUN above normal JUL near normal, but W may be below and E may be above AUG mostly below normal
PPN: Season: mostly above normal
JUN Eire above elsewhere below JUL above normal AUG mostly above normal



JAMSTEC SINTEX-F1 CGCM forecast (27-member ensemble) - 151219
Temp: Season: above normal
PPN : Season: below normal



USA NASA GMAO GSFC 051219
TEMP:
JUN above normal JUL above normal AUG above normal
PPN :
JUN S normal elsewhere above JUL above normal AUG above normal



CanSIPS - 301119
TEMP:
JUN above normal JUL above normal but Eire Wales and S two thirds of England normal AUG mostly above normal
PPN :
JUN normal JUL above normal but far S also far N normal AUG normal but S below normal


Indication from Multi Model Ensemble (NMME) ex NOAA date - 081219
TEMP:
JUN above normal JUL above normal AUG slightly above in S but above in north
PPN:
JUN normal but chance of above JUL Scotland normal elsewhere normal but low probs above normal AUG slightly above normal, perhaps below in parts of SE and near coasts.






EU area Plotted from 1 deg grib NMME ENS Temp and PPN rate mean anomaly
T T T

P P P

NASA anomaly
200



2020 JUL AUG SEP


BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP:
JUL near normal, but W may be below and E may be above AUG mostly below normal SEP mostly below normal
PPN:
JUL above normal AUG mostly above normal SEP mostly above normal



CanSIPS - 301119
TEMP:
JUL above normal but Eire Wales and S two thirds of England normal AUG mostly above normal SEP above normal
PPN :
JUL above normal but far S also far N normal AUG normal but S below normal SEP normal but below in SW UK and Scotland




2020 AUG SEP OCT


BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP:
AUG mostly below normal SEP mostly below normal OCT mostly below normal
PPN:
AUG mostly above normal SEP mostly above normal OCT N and W below S and E above



CanSIPS - 301119
TEMP:
AUG mostly above normal SEP above normal OCT above normal
PPN :
AUG normal but S below normal SEP normal but below in SW UK and Scotland OCT normal but below in Eire, N Ireland SW Scotland Wales and all W of England




2020 SEP OCT NOV

Summary - 181219 - Mostly near or above normal temperaturesd and rainfall - very limited data



BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP: Season: N above elsewhere below
SEP mostly below normal OCT mostly below normal NOV above normal
PPN: Season: mostly above normal
SEP mostly above normal OCT N and W below S and E above NOV N above elsewhere below



CanSIPS - 301119
TEMP:
SEP above normal OCT above normal NOV normal
PPN :
SEP normal but below in SW UK and Scotland OCT normal but below in Eire, N Ireland SW Scotland Wales and all W of England NOV N Ireland and N half Eire below elsewhere noral but far S of England above




2020 OCT NOV DEC


BCC China BCC CSM1.1m - 151219 -
TEMP: Season: above normal
OCT mostly below normal NOV above normal DEC above normal
PPN: Season: mostly above normal
OCT N and W below S and E above NOV N above elsewhere below DEC above normal





NOTEs:
1. NORMAL=typically the model normal based on historic runs rather than the measured normal from observation - hence trends rather than numbers are a better guide.
2. CFS2 monthly and seasonal anomalies hindcast period 1982-2010.
3. CFS2 weekly anomalies are with respect to the lead dependent model climatology from the hindcast period (1999-2010) without any adjustment - a very warm decade!.
4. UKMET The hindcast period used for model normal is 1996 to 2009. 42-member ensemble seasonal forecast (120KM res over land) combining and bias correcting all forecast members available prior to issue.
5. JMA updated hindcast period 1981-2010
6. NOAA GFDL FLOR; 50KM resolution - Forecast­oriented Low Ocean Resolution version of CM2.5, substitutes 1­degree ocean for the 0.25­degree. 
7. NMME data, please see the BAMS article (Kirtman et al. 2014). The NMME project and data disseminating is supported by NOAA, NSF, NASA and DOE with the help of NCEP, IRI and NCAR personnel in creating, updating and maintaining the NMME archive.

KEY: UKMO=UK Met Office KMA= Korea Met Agency JMA=Japan Met Agency Russia=Hydrometcentre of Russia NOAA=main US climate data model used by Climate Prediction Centre.
Other N America data also used e.g. NASA and IRI. CMA=China Meteorological Administration. GFDL Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory. CMC=Canada Met Center.


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